Civil engineers are in charge of the design, construction, and maintenance of naturally and physically built infrastructures. It’s all about solving real-world problems through construction and design. There are several disciplines involved in civil engineering. Some that focus on the niches of civil engineering while others focus on the more popular disciplines. Here are 6 different types of civil engineers.
Water resources engineer
This is an extremely popular form of civil engineering because of the necessity of water. They design and construct hydraulic structures that gather and control natural water sources. Many of the engineers in the water resources field focus on flooding and storm waters. Gathering knowledge on how to better conserve water.
Structural engineering is the study of structures and buildings such as bridges, marine structures, and office buildings. They are tasked with the responsibility to ensure that these structures are safe, reliable, strong and sustainable. This doesn’t exclude the fact that these structures should still be visually appealing.
Engineers in this field aim to keep improving traffic movement and create better safety measures for all means of transportation. They design, construct and maintain the different forms of transportation systems. This includes railways, airports and bus stations. They also focus on keeping emissions low and decreasing the amount of energy needed for these transportation systems.
Geotechnical engineers focus on how the ground, where a building is built on or that is to be built on, will interact with the infrastructure. They study the rocks and the soil to determine what needs to be done for the project to be successful.
Construction and management engineering
Construction and management engineers manage and oversee the construction project. They plan and organize everything before, during and after the construction project. This includes the physical building process, the transportation of materials and site development. The work needs to be done safely, efficiently and in an environmentally sensitive way. They also need to manage the people, assets and money spent.